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war_crimes- 68368 - 07.04.2012 : Yugoslav Government Beograd - best (0)


FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF YUGOSLAVIA
FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

R E P O R T


SUBMITTED TO THE COMMISSION OF EXPERTS ESTABLISHED PURSUANT TO SECURITY

COUNCIL RESOLUTION 780 (1992)

BELRADE 1992


ABBREVIATIONS

BH - Bosnia and Herzegovina
ECMM - European Commission Monitoring Mission
HDZ - Croatian Democratic Union
HOS - Croatian Armed Forces
JNA - Yugoslav People's Army
POWs - Prisoners of War
TANJUG - Yugoslav News Agency
UNPA - United Nations Protected Area
UNPROFOR - United Nations Protection Force
ZNG - Croatian National Guard (Army)





I N T R O D U C T I O N



In response to the requirement contained in paragraph 1 of Security Council resolution 780 of 5 October 1992, the Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia submits its Report on the violations of humanitarian law, including breaches of the Geneva Conventions, being committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia.

The Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia supports the establishment of an impartial Commission of Experts to collate, examine and analyse information relating to grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and other violations of humanitarian law.

The Government of the FR of Yugoslavia considers that it is of the utmost importance for further political solution of the crisis in the territory of the former Yugoslavia to establish all relevant information relating to armed conflicts and violence, particularly those relating to grave violations of the law of war and humanitarian law. The first and principal precondition for any future stability in the region and for relations among the new States which have emerged as a result of separation from Yugoslavia, as well as for further relations among its peoples is to determine responsibility for acts of violence, destruction, the suffering and violent death of a large number of the population.

The submitted Report describes gross violations of the law of war and of international humanitarian law, being perpetrated from the outbreak of conflicts in the Republic of Slovenia to date. The listed cases are based on documentary evidence gathered by Government authorities, non-governmental organizations and associations, and on reports of reliable news agencies. Documents for each of the listed cases are available to the Commission of Experts for its further study. In some of them proceedings are pending before the competent judicial authorities.

In an effort to submit the Report within the initial period of 30 days of the adoption of the resolution, it was not possible to include many other cases constituting or indicating equally grave breaches of the law of war conventions and violations of humanitarian law.

The Government authorities of the FR of Yugoslavia are in possession of the records and documents of the former SFR of Yugoslavia, containing information on the crimes against international law and perpetrators of such crimes and sanctioned, in accordance with international law, in the legislation of the SFR of Yugoslavia, which brought about the armed conflicts in Slovenia and, later on, in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina. The documents cover the period which preceded their international recognition and when the SFR of Yugoslavia, as an internationally recognized State, exercised power on its entire territory. The documents reveal the relationship between causes and effects, the instigators and executioners in the events which escalated into subsequent gross violations of international humanitarian law and into war crimes. The FR of Yugoslavia will make these documents available to the Security Council Commission of Experts as well.

Enclosed is just a fraction of eyewitness evidence supplied by Yugoslav and foreign reporters. Such evidence is plenty, and some of it will be provided with all relevant information in future supplements to the present Report.

Over half a million of refugees fleeing the war and terror in Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina have found shelter in the FR of Yugoslavia. Most of them are either eye witnesses or victims of violations of humanitarian law themselves. They witnessed killings, expulsions and other crimes committed against their close relatives, civilians and members of the armed forces of the SFR of Yugoslavia. The Government authorities and non-governmental organizations of the FR of Yugoslavia will continue to make this evidence available to the Commission of Experts and to the international public at large.

The work on the collection and systematic compilation of information on the war crimes committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia is exceptionally complex. Two criteria have been taken into account in their systematic compilation: on the one hand, the war crimes have been classified according to the sources of the law of war and humanitarian law, and, on the other, according to the nature of the armed conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia and under the provisions of the national criminal legislation of the former SFR of Yugoslavia.

Bearing in mind the nature and types of the crimes committed, the international legal basis for the punishment of these crimes perpetrated in the territory of the former Yugoslavia, which are mostly the Geneva Conventions for the Protection of War Victims (1949) and the Protocols I and II Additional to the Geneva Conventions (1977), should be supplemented by the provisions of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (1948), the International Convention against the Taking of Hostages (1979) and the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (1954). All these Conventions have been ratified by the former SFR of Yugoslavia.

In view of the types of breaches of international legal precepts contained in the principle sources of international humanitarian law, the crimes committed in the territory of the former Yugoslavia can be classified into the following categories:

I) Wilful killing of civilians;
II) Wilful killing of detainees - POWs;
III) Inhuman treatment of civilians;
IV) Inhuman treatment of detainees - POWs;
V) Wilful killing and inhuman treatment of wounded and sick persons;
VI) Hostage-taking and detention camps;
VII) Wanton devastation and destruction of property;
VIII) Devastation of places of worship, cemeteries, cultural and historical monuments;
IX) Ethnic cleansing.

The inhuman killing of civilians, wounded and sick persons and detainees - POWs (this distinction is necessary to make because of the change in the legal characteristics of the armed conflict) is a very widespread form of the law of war and humanitarian law violations. As a rule, the killings were carried out in groups, seldom individually. In a number of cases, the groups were mixed. The victims were usually tortured and humiliated before execution. Particularly abhorrent were the massacres committed in Bjelovar (a large number of regular JNA soldiers were taken prisoner in the local barracks), in Gospic (at least 24), on the Korana river bridge in Karlovac (13 regular JNA members), in Borovo Selo (civilians), on the Kupres plateau (civilians and detainees on several occasions), in the village of Milici (civilians), etc.

The recent reports on mass graves near Vukovar, as referred to in the report of the Human Rights Commission's Special Rapporteur Tadeusz Mazowiecky of 28 October 1992, are still to be checked in order to ascertain whether there were systematic killings of civilians by the parties to the conflict as reprisals or for other motives or whether victims were killed in combat which lasted in that area for a very long time and was heavy.

Instances of inhuman treatment of civilians, the wounded and sick persons and detainees - POWs are also abundant. Women of all ages were raped and forcibly taken to brothels where they were abused by members of the armed forces and detainees - POWs were forced to make false statements for TV programmes and newspaper reports and subjected to various other physical or mental abuses.

The inhumane conditions of detention, in which civilians belonging to various ethnic groups were, frequently held with detainees - POWs, were often dangerous to their lives and harmful for their physical and mental health. Cases in point are the camps in the Bradina tunnel, in Trnopolje, Tomislavgrad, Sarajevo, Konjic and Mostar. The fate of many detainees in the camps in Herzegovina, for instance, is uncertain even today. Over 2, 000 Serbs detained in these camps have disappeared and their fate is unknown. Detained civilians were often used for massive exchanges of POWs which departed from some of the international legal rules: they were exchanged for perpetrators of very serious crimes who had either been tried or had not been brought to trial at all (those responsible for the massacre on the Korana River bridge in Karlovac, perpetrators of many murders in Vukovar and others).

Wanton devastation and destruction of property were carried out by the members of all military and paramilitary forces on the battle front across Croatia, and especially in Bosnia-Herzegovina. These were the wilful devastation and destruction related to ethnic cleansing in areas with mixed populations. Simply, homes were razed to prevent their fleeing owners from ever coming back. The main yardstick was the ethnicity of former inhabitants. This is a re-run of the gruesome events begun by the Independent State of Croatia in World War Two with the exception that in danger today are also Moslems, Croats and others.

The same is true of their systematic destruction of places of worship, cemeteries and cultural and historical monuments. Many such important monuments in western Slavonia and eastern Herzegovina no longer exist (Cathedral church in Mostar, Zitomislic monastery and others).

Ethnic cleansing as a grave violation of international humanitarian law under the provisions of Article 147 of the Geneva Conventions relative to the Protection of Civilians in Time of War (deportation and transfer of protected prisoners and wanton devastation and destruction of property are aimed at ruling out any possibility of deportees or displaced persons returning to their homes in the distant or near future), has taken large-scale proportions in the armed conflicts in the territory of the former Yugoslavia. The documents on war crimes submitted to the Commission contained only the most serious cases of massive ethnic cleansing for which it is reasonable to assume to contain the elements of the crime of genocide.
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...
The provisions of the national criminal legislation of the former Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (1977 Criminal Code, still in effect in all former Yugoslav Republics) are in full accordance with the international obligations assumed. The Criminal Code of the SFR of Yugoslavia, Chapter XVI, defines as crimes against humanity and international law, genocide (Article 141); war crimes against the civilian population (Article 142); war crimes against wounded and sick persons (Article 143); war crimes against POWs (Article 144); organization of groups and instigation to the commission of genocide and war crimes (Article 145); arbitrary killing and wounding of the adversary (Article 146); looting of the killed and wounded persons on the battle front (Article 147); use of prohibited means of combat (Article 148); hurting of the parliamentary (Article 149); inhuman treatment of wounded and sick persons and POWs (Article 150); destruction of cultural and historical monuments (Article 151); instigation of a war of aggression (Article 152); racial and other discrimination (Article 154).

The Government of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia reiterates its readiness to cooperate fully with the Commission of Experts and the Secretary- General of the United Nations in the further investigation and ascertainment of all facts related to grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions and violation of other provisions of the law of war and humanitarian law.

Belgrade, 3 November 1992

I. WILFUL KILLING OF CIVILIANS



I-001
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 4 July 1991, Borovo Naselje.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: In order to intimidate the Serb population and to ethnically purge territories, Croatians killed Dragan Mijatovic, Stojan Stojanovic and some other unidentified ethnic Serbs.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Perpetrators belong to the ZNG and the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Croatia, Zdravko Komsic, Marko Nujic, Stjepan Mackovic and Tade Istuk.
EVIDENCE: A request to carry out an investigation against the above persons was lodged by the Military Prosecutors Office in Belgrade. All evidence relating to the designation and timing of the crime and testimonies of witnesses are in the file I VTK - No. 1139/92 on this case in the Military Prosecutor's Office in Belgrade.
NOTE: Under the agreement on the exchange of prisoners between the Governments of the FR of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia, all of the above persons were exchanged in Nemetin on 14 August 1992.

I-002
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians
TIME AND PLACE: 13 July 1991, Borovo Selo (UNPA)
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: On the date indicted above around 17:00 hours, Milenko Djuricic was taken away and killed by two members of the Croatian National Guards. His corpse was found in the Dunav River near Begec on 17 July 1991. His family identified him on 27 July and he was buried in Novi Sad.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Nebojsa Hodak, who arrested Djuricic, is suspected of being one of the killers.
EVIDENCE: Testimony of the victim's wife to the State Commission for War Crimes and Crimes of Genocide, on 7 April 1992. Death Certificate issued by the Medical School in Novi Sad; autopsy report No. SP 566/91 made by the Forensic Institute in Novi Sad, and other relevant documents of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the District Court judge in Novi Sad.
NOTE: Nebojsa Hodak's name is associated with the murder of the Zec family in Zagreb.

I-003
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 29 June 1991, village of Sotin, Vukovar.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: In order to expel the Serbian population from that region, through intimidation, threats against life and property, a villager, Mihajlo Nadj, was also killed in an attack against the village of Sotin.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Perpetrators are Zdravko Komsic, Stjepan Mackovic, Ivan Mikulic and Tade Istuk, all Croatian National Guards.
EVIDENCE: The Military Prosecutor's Office in Belgrade has instituted investigation proceedings against the above persons. All evidence about the nature of the crime and time of its commission including testimonies of witnesses are in the file I VTK No. 1139/92 of the Belgrade Military Prosecutor's Office.
NOTE: All of the above named were exchanged in Nemetin, on 14 August 1992, under the Agreement on POW Exchange reached by the Governments of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia.

I-004
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians
TIME AND PLACE: July-August 1991, Mirkovci (now UNPA)
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Members of the Croatian National Guards brutally killed the following villagers: Milan Macura, Cvetko Sivcic, Pajo Sasic, Marija Sasic (before being killed she was subjected to torture), Dragoljub Gradjanski (his throat was cut while he was asleep).
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): The military and police forces of the Croatian National Guards.
EVIDENCE: Statement of the competent authorities in the village of Mirkovci, submitted to the Red Cross office in Novi Sad and to the State Commission for War Crimes and Crimes of Genocide.
NOTE:

I-006
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 2 August 1991, Sarvas (now UNPA).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The following Serbian civilians were killed: Melanija Bojanic (1927), Dusan Bojanic (1950), Branka Bojanic (1952), Veselin Adamovic (1944), Gospava Adamovic (1949), Lazar Jerenic (1954), Zorka Petrovic (1926), Svetislav Sandic (1939) and Dusan Milojevic (1964).
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the police and the Croatian National Guard, Republic of Croatia.
EVIDENCE: Report issued by the Local Community Office of Jelenovo (formely Sarvas), testimonies of Veljko Tepavac, Radomir Simic and an administrative officer who was unwilling to reveal his identity.
NOTE:

I-007
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Between 23 and 27 August 1991, Sisak, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Zoran Vranesevic, employee of the "Karic Banka" in Beograd and previously working in the Sisak police station was killed on his way to the village of Kinjacka for the burial of his father. He was killed by a gunshot in the head and chest.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the armed units of the Republic of Croatia.
EVIDENCE: Testimony of Ljubica Vranesevic (8 Misarska Street, Beograd)
NOTE: According to the testimony of Aleksandar Banjanin, from Sisak, Zoran's body was found near the place called Stari Grad, hung by a willow tree and pushed into the Kupa river. His remains were buried at the Sisak cemetery on 28 August 1992.

I-008
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians
TIME AND PLACE: 26 August 1991, Borovo Naselje, near Vukovar (UNPA)
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The Croatian National Guards killed Ilija Lozancic in his home as part of the campaign of intimidating and plundering the property of the Serbian civilian population aimed at forcing them to move out of the region.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Ivo Zivkovic and some other members of the Croatian National Guards.
EVIDENCE: Investigation proceedings have been instituted by military prosecutor against Ivo Zivkovic. All evidence about the nature and time of the commission of the crime are kept in file I VTK No. 1142/92 of the Military Prosecutor's Office in Belgrade.
NOTE: The above person has been exchanged under the Agreement reached by the Governments of the FR of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia.

I-009
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: August-November 1991, Vukovar (now UNPA).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: About 200 civilians were taken out of shelters in Vukovar and Borovo Naselje and executed. The bodies of victims were thrown into the Danube.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Zdenko Novak, Djuro Brodjanac, Ksenija Piplica, Martin Sabljic, Zoran Sipos and nine other members of the Croatian National Guard in Vukovar.
EVIDENCE: Files I K Nos. 108/92, 112/92, 125/92, 133/92 and 144/92 of the Military Court in Belgrade.
NOTE: The above persons were exchanged in Nemetin on 14 August 1992, under the Agreement reached in Budapest.
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I-010
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: September-October 1991, Vukovar, UNPA.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Direct involvement in the organized killings of Serb civilians, JNA officers and Territorial Defence members who were brought to the Vukovar Hospital for treatment of their wounds.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Jure Njaro, a doctor; Sadika Bilus, a doctor; Berislav Kucan and his wife Ljilja, a nurse; Mirko Mandic, a plaster maker; Adela Kolesar, a nurse; Stef, a dentist; Andrija Sijanovic, a doctor; Tomislav Meretler and his wife Ljubica, a nurse; Martin Dosen and his brother called Boxer; Braco Sain and a large group of the rest of the staff suspected of having participated in the commission of crimes.
EVIDENCE: Testimonies of witnesses to the Federal Secretariat for Internal Affairs.

I-011
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Early October 1991, Borovo Naselje.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Milo Djukic and two unidentified civilians, all Serbs, were killed in order to pursue the policy of ethnic cleansing. They were first imprisoned, physically abused and tortured, inter alia, by stabbing and swallowing salt, etc.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Perpetrators are Vlado Sabljic, Vlado Sterc and Marko Filkovic including Stevan Demetar who also was also involved in the torture of victims.
EVIDENCE: Investigation proceedings have been instituted against the above named persons. All evidence on the nature of the crime and time of its commission including testimonies of witnesses are in the file I VTK No. 1364/92 at the Military Prosecutor's Office.
NOTE: The above persons were exchanged under the relevant Agreement reached by the Governments of the FR of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia.

I-012
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: mid-October 1991, Borovo Naselje.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After being arrested Cedo Jovic, N. Vojvodic, Panitic (waiter), Milan Siladjin and 6 more unidentified Serbs were taken to Vukovar and killed there. This was part of the action to take civilians from shelters, houses and apartments and conscript them by force.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): There is evidence that the perpetrators are Vlado Sterc and Vlado Demetar, members of ZNG military police.
EVIDENCE: Investigation proceedings against the abovementioned persons have been instituted by the Military Prosecutor's Office. All evidence about the nature of the crime and time of its commission including testimonies of witnesses are in the file I VTK No. 1364/92 at the Military Prosecutor's Office.
NOTE: Both perpetrators were exchanged under the relevant Agreement reached by the Governments of the FR of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia.

I-013
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 16-18 October 1991, Kukin Do, in the area of the village of Siroka Kula near Gospic, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After being tortured 24 Serb civilians from Gospic were executed. Forensics have identified the following 11 persons: Branko Stulic, Ljubica Trifunovic, Stanko Smiljanic, Dana Bulj, Simo Kljajic, Zeljko Mrkic, Mirjana Kalanj, Djordje Kalanj, Dragica Vranes, Nikola Gajic and Radovan Barac.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the ZNG of the Republic of Croatia.
EVIDENCE: Forensic findings; a video filmed at the site of the crime; a video containing testimonies of the family members of the killed; military medical corps review magazine No. 2/92.
NOTE: According to the testimony of witnesses, by the end of October 1991, app. 500 Serb residents of Gospic were missing. All of them are believed to have been killed.

I-014
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: May/June 1992, village of Zagoni, Bratunac, Bosnia- Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Cruel torture of Serb civilians (taking out of brain, eyes, breaking of bones and ribs, belly stabbs, etc. ). The following were killed: Dusanka Paunovic, Rada Milosevic, Miodrag Madovic, Dragoljub Gvozdenovic and Milos Jovanovic-Spat.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Moslem forces.
EVIDENCE: Forensic findings of the Bratunac Health Centre which have been submitted to the State Commission for War Crimes and Crime of Genocide.
NOTE:

I-015
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: November 1991, Vukovar, UNPA.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Planting of mines and other explosives in civilian facilities in the Vukovar area, which claimed many lives among the civilians including children.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Zdenko Novak (1959), formerly residing in Vukovar; Franjo Brodanjac (1969), formerly residing in Nasice and Zoran Cako (1960), formerly residing in Djenovac, municipality of Nasice.
EVIDENCE: Reports on the autopsy performed on the victims, testimonies of witnesses and partial confessions of the accused are kept on the criminal records of the Military Court in Belgrade, KI No. 125/92.
NOTE: The above persons have been indicted.

I-016
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: November 1991 (date unknown), Borovo Naselje.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Milan Vezmar, Milorad Zoric and Bosko Grbic were killed in shelter, as part of the campaign to exterminate the Serbian population in this region.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the military police of Croatian National Guard.
EVIDENCE: The Military Prosecutor's Office in Belgrade has initiated an investigation against Mate Jozicic and Darko Babic, Croatian citizens, who showed the above Serbs to members of the military police of the Croatian National Guards. All evidence about the nature of the crime and time of its commission including testimonies of witnesses are in the file I VTK No. 1366/92 of the Military Prosecutor's Office in Belgrade.
NOTE: Mate Jozicic and Darko Babic were exchanged under the Agreement on POW Exchange reached by the Governments of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia.

I-017
DESIGNATION OF CRIME. Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 15 November 1991, Vukovar.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Ivan Jagic, 7 Cvorkovac Street, Vukovar, was killed after hearing only because he was a Serb.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Perpetrators, by order of Ivica Stojanovic, are Ivica Smit and Milan Linic, all members of the military police of the Croatian National Guard.
EVIDENCE: Investigation proceedings have been instituted against the above persons. All evidence about the nature of the crime and time of its commission including testimonies of witnesses are in the file I VTK No. 1139/92 at the Military Prosecutor's Office in Belgrade.
NOTE: The above persons were exchanged under the relevant Agreement reached by the Governments of the FR of Yugoslavia and the Republic of Croatia.

I-018
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 15 November 1991, Marino Selo, Novska, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The Croatian ZNG forces massacred in this village 14 local Serbs of the villages of Kip and Klisa near Daruvar (now UNPA); namely, Mijo Danojevic, Filip Gojkovic, Mijo Gojkovic, Nikola Gojkovic, Nikola Krajnovic, Petar Novakovic, Jovo (Tadija) Popovic, Jovo (Teja) Popovic, Milan Popovic, Pero Popovic, Dusan Popovic, Jovo Gojkovic, Rade Gojkovic, Savo Gojkovic.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): It is assumed that the persons taking part in the torture and murder of Serbs were members of the Daruvar police and the Croatian military - Vlado Kec, Gojko Boro, Josip Hunjek, Keja Joscak, Zeljko Sepl, Zoran Sepl and Damir Sepl.
EVIDENCE: Testimonies of eye witness Mija Krajinovic concerning the crime made to the Red Cross Organization of Yugoslavia and documents of this Organization submitted to the Joint Commission to trace missing persons and mortal remains.
NOTE:

I-019
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: The night of 11-12 December 1991, village of Paulin Dvor near Osijek, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: During the night of 11-12 December 1991, the Croatian forces and some Croatian paramilitary units massacred 18 Serb villagers and one ethnic Hungarian, who served in a Serb family. The following villagers were killed: Bozo Sudzukovic (1913), Marija Sudzukovic (1914), Dara Vukovic (1934), Draga Katic (1919), Mile Katic (1933), Mitar Katic (1909), Petar Katic (1937), Bosa Katic (1939), Milan Labus (1940), Jovo Gavric (1936), Vuko Medic (1929), Milka Rodic (1925), Bosko Jelic (1942), Andja Jelic (1953), Spasoje Milovic (1933), Milka Milovic (1933), Boja Grubisic (1916), Milka Lapcevic (1916), Karlo Keckes (approximately 55).
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): The ZNG forces and Croatian paramilitary. One of the perpetrators undeniably Nikola Ivankovic known as Danguba from the village of Vladislavci, age 35. Other perpetrators are believed to be also from the neighbouring villages of Vladisavci and Hrastin.
EVIDENCE: A testimony of witness Novica Sudzukovic deposited with the State Commission for Establishing War Crimes and Crime of Genocide Committed against the Population of Serb and other origin during Armed Conflicts in Croatia; medical report on the causes of death of Dara Vujnovic (a cut on the neck and face, both hands, and a piece of skull removed). There is also evidence in possession of the Red Cross Organization of Yugoslavia relating to this crime.

I-020
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 17 December 1991, around midnight, Podravska Slatina, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Stanko Grkinic (1924) was killed by a gunshot in his bedroom. His wife Marica (1926) was gravely wounded by seven shots.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Croatian National Guards
EVIDENCE: Testimony of Milan Grkinic, hospital discharge paper for Marica Grknic.

I-021
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians
TIME AND PLACE: 25 December 1991, Osijek (Croatia)
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: During the night of 25 December, the police broke into the apartment of Milenko Stanar (1948) who was there with his mother. They dragged him away and savagely killed. His mother had to pay for her son's body to give him a decent burial.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the Croatian police from Osijek.
EVIDENCE: Statement by a witness, Novica Sudjzukovic, Belgrade, to the Commission entrusted with the task of collecting information on the crimes of genocide and other crimes against humanity carried out on the population of Serbian and other origins. The statement was given on 7 April 1992.
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I-022
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Second half of 199l, village of Karadzicevo, UNPA.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Radomir Tismak, Zoran Sodolovac, Bogdan Rajicic, Cedo Marceta, Sveto Marceta, Miroslav Kuzmanovic, Drazen Petrovic, Zeljko Petrovic and Radmila Katic - all Serb civilians, were most brutally killed. Radmila Katic was massacred (cut throat), while Zoran Sodolovac was beheaded.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): ZNG members.
EVIDENCE: A video made at the site of the crime.
NOTE: ZNG members raided into the village with three trucks and one tank bearing JNA symbols, which misled the villagers and they went out to welcome their army.

I-023
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Early January 1992, Pakrac (UNPA).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Nevenka Vuckovic, age 64, killed by a gunshot in the head.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Croatian National Guards.
EVIDENCE: Testimony of Jovan Miljanic.
NOTE:

I-024
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Willful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 16-17 February 1992, village of Cerna near Zupanja, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Rade, Anica, Nena, Milena (16) and Marko (13) Olujic killed by a gunshot in their family home.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Ivan Cetina, commander of the Croatian National Guards in the village, and Jakisa Situm, Ivan Mandic and Ivan Stepic.
EVIDENCE: Testimony of Branko Olujic given to the State Commission for Establishing War Crimes of Genocide against Serbs and other Ethnic Communities during the Armed Conflicts in Croatia (current address: 69 Zemunska Street, Dobanovci).
NOTE: According to Branko Olujic the Zagreb weekly "Arena" published a story on the crime.

I-025
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Willful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 25 February 1992, around 21:00, 17 Kranjceviceva Street, Daruvar, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Radovan (36), Jovanka, nee Medakovic (32), Dejan (14) and Nenad (10) Radosavljevic murdered in their home.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Croatian National Guards from Daruvar.
EVIDENCE: Testimony of Milica Milkovic, nee Radosavljevic, given to the State Commission for Establishing War Crimes of Genocide against Serbs and Other Ethnic Communities during Armed Conflicts in Croatia (current address 8 Baranji Karolja, Temerin).
NOTE: Remains of the killed Radosavljevic family were buried in the village of Imsovac near Daruvar. According to the information on the reported crime, a Croatian National Guard whose family name was Mudri was arrested on suspicion of having committed this crime and subsequently acquitted by the court.

I-026
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 26 March 1992, village of Sijekovac near bosanski Brod, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After an incursion into the village, 12 local Serb civilians were executed. The following were killed: Branislav Zecevic, Borislav Zecevic, Jovo Zecevic, Milan Zecevic, Pejo Bacic, Risto Bacic, Zarko Bacic, Vid Radovanovic (an infirm old man), Zeljko Radovanovic, Milan Milosevic, Nenad Milosevic and Momir Martic. 50 Serb houses were totally destroyed.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Moslem-Croatian forces. EVIDENCE: A video recording the site of the crime and testimonies of eyewitnesses.
NOTE: The crime site was visited by Fikret Abdic, member of the BH Presidency.

I-027
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 26 March 1992, around 16:00 hours, Sijekovac, northern Bosnia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: An armed paramilitary Moslem-Croatian group first called the inhabitants of the village of Sijekovac to negotiations. After the negotiations, as confirmed by a delegation of Serbs, had failed, the group attacked the village and killed Jovo Zecevic and his sons Milan, Petar and Vaso; Luka Milosevic and his sons Zeljo and Dragan; Vido Radanovic and his son Mirko, and Sreto Trifunovic. They loaded some of the corpses on trucks and tractors and threw them into the Sava River.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): The crime has been committed by the members of the Croatian ZNG, led by Anto Prkacin and some Moslems (enclosed is a list of names of 28 persons who massacred the villagers) who previously invited the Serb delegation to the crisis headquarters in Sijekovac.
EVIDENCE: A written testimony concerning the crime and its perpetrators, given by the Serbs who participated in the negotiations: Milan Bacic, Milan Zecevic and Nikola Kusljic.
NOTE:

I-028
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 3 April 1992, village of Kostres near bosanski Brod, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Upon incursion into the village, 66 Serb inhabitants were massacred. The following were killed: four members of the Zoric family, three members of the Stanic family, two members each of the Mitric, Gojkovic, Ivic, Pavic, Misic and Djuric families respectively, one member each of the Vasic and Lazic families. In addition, the massacred included 20 men, 15 women and 10 children who have not yet been identified.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Alija Selimagic, Sead Mujcin, Enes Havic, Becir Hodzic and other members of the Moslem-Croatian forces.
EVIDENCE: A video recording a statement by Alija Selimagic.
NOTE: Before massacring their victims, the perpetrators raped women including girls aged 12 and 14. The 108th Brigade of the Croatian Army also took part in the operations around Bosanski Brod.

I-029
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 6 April 1992, Kupres, Bosnia-Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After torture, 29 local Serb civilians were most brutally killed. The following were killed: Niko Karajlic (massacred), Milorad Kontic called Ciro (left eye taken out), Spiro Bosnic (massacred), Todor Dragoljevic, Tripko Pavlovic called Lola (killed by a hit on the head with a blunt instrument so that the upper part of his skull was smashed), Stevo Bubonja (right eye taken out), Lazo Kontic (right side of the face smashed after a hit with a blunt instrument; right ear cut off), Stevo Vugonja (right eye taken out), Milan Duvnjak, Cvetko Duvnjak, Jovo Duvnjak, Dusan Duvnjak, Vlado Duvnjak (80), Mitar Duvnjak, Drago Celebic, Marko Kalinic, Dragan Sormaz, Predrag Bastic, Jovo Pavlovic, Momcilo Sesum, Jovo Zubic, Nedeljko Karan and Vlastimir Jarcevic.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Ratko Rebrina, Safet and Sulejman Pilic, Matko Vila, Ivo Males, Branko Zulj and other members of the Croatian- Moslem forces.
EVIDENCE: A video recording the site of the crime and testimonies of witnesses, the statement of Milica Sormaz, photos of the killed persons.
NOTE:

I-030
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians
TIME AND PLACE: 1 May 1992, village of Odzak and Kupres, Bosnia and Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The following nine Serb inhabitants of Kupres were killed: Jovo Pavlovic, Mirko Kaulic, Jovo Zubic, Dragan Sormaz, Vlastimir Jarcevic, Nedeljko Karan, Vlado Duvnjak, Momcilo Sesum and Predrag Bastic.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Safet Pilic, Sulejman Pilic, Sejo Pilic, Ekrem Pilic, Milenko Vila, Marko Vila, Mirko Vila, Mijo Vila, Zoran Vila, Ratko Rebrina, Smail Mandjuka, Miroslav Kaminski, Ante Jelic, Zijad Mandjuka, Bozo Zulj and Pero Dumancic. They are all from Kupres and on the run.
EVIDENCE: After the report was made on the site of the crime in cooperation with the military investigating authorities, the Higher Public Prosecutor's Office in Banja Luka filed charges, No. KU-94/92 dated 13 May 1992, against all of the 16 persons involved on suspicion that they cruelly and perfidiously killed those Serb villagers for ethnic reasons and thus committed a crime against humanity and international law.
NOTE:

I-031
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 2 May 1992, Konjic (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Djuro Magazin (70) was killed near his home, while mending the damaged fence around the Serb Orthodox church.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): M. Comaga, a Moslem extremist
EVIDENCE: Report of the President of the Association of Serbs of Bosnia
and Herzegovina. NOTE:

I-032
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Second half of May 1992, detention camp Ljubuski
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After being arrested in Capljina in late April 1992 Drazen Tripic (S/O Sreten) and Sreten Tripic were tortured in Ljubusko camp for a month, taken to the Trebizat river and killed near Kravica waterfalls. Drazen was impaled in the presence of his father and roasted alive. Sreten was then mutilated and killed.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the Croatian Armed Forces (HOS) from Capljina or Ljubusko
EVIDENCE: Statement of a witness whose identity is known to the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina and kept on its files.
NOTE:

I-033
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 22 May 1992, villages of Bjelovcina, Cerice and Donje Selo (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Summarily executed were: four members of the family Milosevic, Milorad Cecez, Dusan Cecez, Velimir Cecez, Mirko Cecez, Stevica Ninkovic, Marko Ninkovic, Rade Ninkovic, Predrag Kuljanin, Tihomir Kuljanin and Novica Zivak. It is believed that the number of the killed Serbs is even bigger.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): The Croatian and Moslem forces
EVIDENCE: Report of the President of the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
NOTE: After the attack, all Serbs from these villages were taken to the Celebici detention camp.
war_crimes- 68372 - 07.04.2012 : Serbian Government Beograd - best (0)


I-034
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 25-28 May 1992, village of Bradina (Bosnia and Herzegovina).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Summarily and brutally executed were: Pero Mrkajic (poured with petrol and set in fire), Rade Mrkajic, Zoran Mrkajic, Rajko Mrkajic, Spaso Mrkajic, Risto Mrkajic, Zoran Mrkajic, Velibor Mrkajic, Zoran Djordjic, Nedjo Djordjic, Bosko Djordjic, Milorad Kuljanin, Nedeljko Kuljanin, Gojko Kuljanin, Pero Kuljanin, Sreten Kuljanin, Zdravko Kuljanin, Milovan Kuljanin, Slavko Kuljanin, Nedeljko Kuljan, Kesa Vujicic, Dragan Vujicic, Zdravko Zivak, Toma Zivak, Veseljko Zivak, Branko Zuza, Njegos Koprivica and Bogdan Kures. It is believed that the number of murdered civilians is more than the 26 listed above.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): The Croatian and Moslem forces.
EVIDENCE: Report of the President of the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina; testimony of a witness whose name haa been filed with the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina and with the State Commission for War Crimes and Crimes of Genocide.
NOTE: Sretko Kuljanin and one other Serb were beheaded and their heads were taken to Konjic as a trophy.

I-035
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 7 June 1992, village of Tasovcic (Capljina), Bosnia and Herzegovina
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Civilians Milan Misita, alias Pota (1944), Ilija Misita, alias Pundo (1929), Vojko Ijacic, alias Majstor (1921), Branko Bekan, (1942), Djoko Djonlaga (1943), Djurdja Reljic (1943) and Vukasin Reljic, (1974) were violently killed. First three persons were killed on their door steps. The others were shot in the back while they were trying to flee the invading HOS units.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Jozo Vegar ( who murdered Milan Misita) and other unidentified HOS soldiers.
EVIDENCE: Statement of a witness whose identity is known to the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina and kept on its files.
NOTE:

I-036
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 7 June 1992, village Klepci (Capljina), Bosnia and Herzegovina
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Simana Cukteras, nee Slijepcevic (1925), massacred on her doorsteps.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): HOS soldier from Capljina
EVIDENCE: Statement of a witness whose identity is deposited with the Association of the Serbs from Bosnia and Hercegovina.
NOTE:

I-037
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 7 June 1992, around 14. OO, Potkosa village (Capljina), Bosnia and Herzegovina
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Bosa Ijacic, (1928), massacred on her doorsteps.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): HOS soldiers from the Seitanic family residing in the village of Oplicic, who were the victim's next-door neighbours.
EVIDENCE: Statement of a witness whose identity is deposited with the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Hercegovina.
NOTE:

I-038
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 7 June 1992, around 15:00, Recice village (Capljina), Bosnia and Herzegovina
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Radoslavka Zdralic, (1932), massacred on her doorsteps.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): HOS soldiers from the Suta family living in the neighbouring village of Oplicic, Cuckovina hamlet.
EVIDENCE: Statement of a witness whose identity is deposited with the Association of Serbs from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
NOTE:

I-039
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 7 June 1992, Prebilovci village (Capljina), Bosnia and Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Gospava Dragicevic, alias Gosa, (1905), and Draginja Medic, alias Draga, (1930), massacred on their doorsteps.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): HOS soldiers from Capljina
EVIDENCE: Statement of a witness whose identity is deposited with the Association of the Serbs from Bosnia and Hercegovina.
NOTE:

I-040
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Morning of 10 June 1992, village of Cemerno near Sarajevo.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: After the brutal attack on the village, in which there were only civilians, 29 Serbs were murdered and massacred, and the village was burned down. The following persons were killed: Djordje Bunjevac (56), Rajko Bunjevac (56), Goran Bunjevac (35), Koviljka Bunjevac (56), Milosava Bunjevac, Milan Bunjevac, Ranko Bunjevac and Slavojka Bunjevac (7), Radinka Damjanovic (32), Ranka Damjanovic (30), Pasa Damjanovic (52), Zdravko Damjanovic (27), Staka Damjanovic (57), Stanoje Markovic, Djuka Markovic, Manojlo Markovic, Milenko Trifkovic (59), Jana Trifkovic (47), Rajko Trifkovic (17), Zarko Malesevic, Milovan Malesevic, Miroslav Jankovic, Sreten Jankovic, Stana Rasevic (68), Svetozar Kapetanovic, Radomir Jevtic, Gojko Djurdajic, Nedeljko Micic and Novo Cvjetkovic.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Moslem-Croatian forces.
EVIDENCE: A video recording the site of the crime with testimonies of Petar Rasevic and of a survived member of the Trifkovic family.
NOTE:

I-041
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 6 July 1992, border between Montenegro and Bosnia- Herzegovina.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: Members of The Serb Territorial Defence force of the Serbian Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina killed a family of three trying to evacuate, with permission, from Foca to Montenegro.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Six members of the Territorial Defence force of the Serbian Republic.
EVIDENCE: Charges have been brought before the Higher Court in Podgorica against the six persons concerned for committing a war crime against civilians, as stated in the information No. A. 69/92 dated 28 October 1992, received from the Federal Public Prosecutor.
NOTE:

I-042
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: Between 25 and 28 September 1992, villages of Rogosije and Nedrista near Milici (Bosna and Herzegovina).
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The following persons were killed: D. Alimpic; J. Sevkusic; M. Kovacevic; M. Vuicic; Lj. Jurosevic; Z. Ravnjakovic; M. Mitrovic; Luka and Velimir Majstorovic; Nedjo, Nenad and Mile Stanisic; Dragoljub and Radomir Deuric; Zarko, Milomir and Marko Prodanovic; Bora and Tomislav Tesic; C. Tosic; M. Mijic; R. Rebic; Radenko and Tomislav Tesic. Three corpses are still unidentified, while nine others have not yet been found. Two of the victims were impaled. The others were first shot into the legs to prevent them from running away and then they were massacred, beheaded and set in fire. A number of corpses were found castrated or with fingers cut off.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S): Members of the Moslem armed forces.
EVIDENCE: TV Belgrade filmed story showing massacred bodies and account by S. Djeric, surgeon in the hospital in Milici and a report of the US journalist Richard Ross.
NOTE:

I-043
DESIGNATION OF CRIME: Wilful killing of civilians.
TIME AND PLACE: 20/21 December 1991, 44 Nikola Tesla Street, Novska, Croatia.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION: The Couple Keleura, Mirko and Marica, nee Milanovic, and the couple Uzelac, Andrija and Jela, were massacred in the home of the Keleura family. Jela Uzelac was beheaded, Marica Keleura's body was ripped from throat to genitals, while Andrija Uzelac was found with his left hand fingers chopped off.
INDICATION CONCERNING PERPETRATOR(S)S: Kata Tomic known as Katica, next- door neighbour of the murdered family, with a group of ethnic Albanians members of the Croatian National Guards.
EVIDENCE: Testimony of Dragan and Drazen Keleura.
NOTE: The victims were buried in the village of Borovac. No autopsy was performed but there is testimony of their relatives.
war_crimes- 92145 - 14.01.2015 : Ratko Obrenović Detroit, USA - best (0)

Attack on RS Army Military Convoy In Zepa Canyon on Jun 04, 1992


ATTACK ON RS ARMY MILITARY CONVOY IN ZEPA CANYON ON JUNE 4, 1992

Organized and long prepared attacks on garrisons and military convoys of regular JNA at the beginning and in the middle of 1992 committed by Islamic fundamentalists, members of Green Berets and so-called Patriotic League, have been continued with the same intensity on regular RS Army when there was no military need for those attacks and when there were verified agreements on letting these convoys pass to their military destination in Zepa area.

Preparations and organization of perfidious attacks, after the set agreements, was done according to the same procedure as in previously mentioned attacks on JNA military convoys in Tuzla and Sarajevo, in order to destroy BH defense system and create conditions for the attack on Serbian people with the aim of their elimination and persecution - ethnic cleansing from BH area. The attack on military convoy in Zepa area showed all hypocrisy, cruelty and seriousness of crimes without precedent in the war, when the wounded and the captured were murdered in the most atrocious ways, vehicles burnt and property destroyed.

The military organizing of Muslims in Zepa region

In spite of the previous agreement with the Muslim leadership in Zepa on free passing for military convoy to the military facility and TV relay Zlovrh, Muslims, organized in Patriotic League and Green Berets, perfidiously attacked the convoy in one gorge in Zepa. On that occasion, 45 members of VRS whose names are enclosed in this information got killed, many wounded and 30 captured. Many vehicles and other equipment were burnt up and destroyed, and wounded soldiers from the convoy were, contrary to the regulations of international law, atrociously killed on the spot (KP No.
15-1/02-KU56/94-DC-1/30).

This attack was committed by special terrorist groups formed by SDA HQ in Sarajevo and Srebrenica sub-region, for the area of GODENJE, BRLOZNIK and STOBORAN and other villages surrounding Zepa.

All decisions in Muslim part of the leadership were brought in meetings of the highest SDA leadership whose members were the following: Alija Izetbegovic, Ejup Ganic, Haris Silajdzic, Rusmir Mahmutcehajic, Omer Behmen and sometimes Irfan Ajanovic. This leadership founded "Patriotic League" as its military wing. The founding of "Patriotic League", as illegal military organization, started in April 1991, when BH Deputy Minister of Defense, together with Sulejman Vranj and some more Muslims created Instructions on organization and acting in the field. In May 1991 the organization was named "Patriotic League". Sefer Halilovic and Rusmir Mahmutcehajic participated in
its organizing and foundation. "Patriotic league" achieved the high level of military organization and it had 9 regional and 103 municipal HQs with 98.000 soldiers at the beginning of the war (BH had 109 municipalities in total). Municipalities from Eastern Bosnia were also included, especially those from Srebrenica sub-region. For Zepa and Han Pijesak municipalities everything was organized through the commander of "Patriotic League" regional HQ Cardakovic Ramo, and his commander of the squad that attacked VRS military convoy was Pavlic Avdo, and for Zepa area it was Beho Kulovac.

Kustura Zeljko supplied these terrorist formations with weapons in April 1992, and he performed that task through the authorised person of SDA - Demonjic Hazem, born in Olovo village, Gorazde municipality, who lived in Sarajevo (testimony of Cavcic Mehmedalija, son of Mehmed, born in 1957 - DC-1/30). A big amount of infantry weapons was brought, among which the most numerous were AP "Kalasnjikov". All weapons were brought to the house of Kustura Zajko. Other part of weapons came through Osmanlic Ismet, the Chief of PSS Rogatica and the President of SDA Rogatica.


Municipal Board. The following persons helped them distribute weapons:

  • Imamovic Musan,
  • Imamovic Amir,
  • Cesko Salem,
  • Podzic Ago and others.

    After Muslim terrorist units were armed, the organization of the attack on military convoy was done by Brigade Commander Osmanovic Hasib with Sehic Muharem, Hasib Mulic, Mujkic Hamed and Cardakovic Ibro.

    The first group of diversionists was led by Omerovic Hasib, and the following participated in the attack: Stitkovac Enver, Zimic Abid, Divovic Hamed alias Div, Cavic Meho, Cavcic Bohodil, Zimic Ago, Mehmedovic Alija, Zimic Ramiz, Omanovic Ibro, Zimic Osmo, Podzic Dzevad, Cavcic Hamza, Podzic Ago, Rucic Himzo, Kacevic Omer, Rucic Omer, Hraljo Hamid, Hraljo Ceman, Imamovic Esad, Cavcic Sinan, Imamovic Amir, Cavcic Hamdija, Imamovic Musan, Kacevic Sejdalija, Rucic Ahmo, Kacevic Ohran, Kacevic Galib, Kacevic Hamed, Kacevic Edhem, Kacevic Kemal, Cavic Bego, Kacevic Adil, Cavic Smajo, Hodzic Ragib, Hrulja Osman, Brdanin Ago, Zimic Ibro, Brdanin Avdo, Zimic Hasan, Gluhic Himzo, Zimic Mustafa, Gluhic Camil, Zimic Mehmed, Gluhic Zulfo, Zimic Hamdija, Cesko Sinan, Mesanovic Resid, Kulovac Sabid, Mesanovic Camil, Kulovac Nezir, Hodzic Resid, Kulovac Nedzib, Hodzic Halil, Cesko Salim, Zimic Samedin, Dizdarevic Ago, Cavcic Zejnil, Dizdarevic Hasan, Ramic Hajrudin, Dizdarevic Mujo, Bicic Numo, Ramic Sakib, Mujcinovic Mujo, Vatres Mustafa, Bogilovic Avdo, Omanovic Nusret, Lisic Halid, Kustura Himzo, Kacevic Hamza, Cavcic Himzo, Hajric Mehmed, Cavcic Omer, Cesko Nedzad, Udovcic Jasmin, Kulovac Sead, Otajagic Ferid, Cavkusic Fuad, Holjic Fadil, Cavkusic Sefko, Brankovic Munib, Kulovac Benjamin, Salic Dzemal, Zigic Asim, Karahodzic Iso and Covcic Mehmedalija.

    The second group, from the direction of Godenje, was led by Sehic Kurem and Nesib Mulic, and the following participated in the attack: Curic Zejnil, Lilic Bajuzin, Lilic Zajko alias Zuti, Lilic Sejdalija, Lilic Selim, Dzebo Hajrudin, Lilic Safet, Omerspahic Abid, Lilic Socan, Kulic Hasib, Lilic Sejo, Hodzic Ibro, Lilic Sefik, Dzabo Ismet, Lilic Remzo, Podzic Edhem, Podzic Ramiz, Dzebo Suad, Lilic Ibrahim, Dzebo Nedzad, Muratovic Nedzad, Omerspahic Agonja, Muratovic Safet, Smajic Zahid, Kamenica Hamza, Avdic Suad, Kamenica Mujo, Omerspahic Mehmed, Kamenica Ahmet, Lilic Zajko, Avdic Besim, Avdic Zenadil, Sahic Elsadet, Lilic Nasko, Muratovic Hamed, Dzebo Rahman, Muratovic Emin, Nakic Hasan and his brother Avdic Meho alias Pero, Zigic Nijaz, Dzebo Musan, Zigic Rasim, Lilic Himzo, Zigic Zajim, Lilic Abid, Omerspahic Hurija, Dzebo Meho, Omerspahic Nusret, Curic Mehmedalija, Lilic Ahmet and Muratovic Dzevad alias Ciro.

    The third group, from the direction of Brloznik village, was organized and commanded by Mujkic Hamed alias Hajva, and the folloeing participated in the attack: Mujkic Hasib, Mujkic Muhamed, Mujkic Ahmo, Mujkic Mehmed, Mujkic Himzo, Nuhanovic Sahman, Mujkic Kadija, Nuhanovic Hamzo, Mujkic Ibrahim alias Alkan, Ferlak Hajrudin, Nuhanovic Sabrija, Nuhanovic Mustafa, Nuhanovic Neil, Nuhanovic Mevludin, Nuhanovic Jusuf, Nuhanovic Meho, Nuhanovic Sarija and Mujkic Selman.

    The fourth group, from the direction of Stoborane and helped with people from Podzepolje was led and commanded by Ibro Cardakovic, and the following participated in the attack: Cardakovic Ramiz alias Zoran, Cardakovic Alsad, Cardakovic Safet, Jusufovic Rasid, Bitic Mujo, Ridzal Ramiz, Sejfic Sead,
    Gusic Ramiz alias Cajner, Hodzic Hasan, Hodzic Zejnil, Hodzic Alija, son of Zaim, Hasanovic Ekrem, Dzebo Himzo, Ivojevic Jusuf, Cardakovic Emin alias Braco, Jusufovic Hajrudin, Hodzic Hamdija, Hodzic Zejnil, Hasanovic Salko and Krestalica Mehmed.
  • war_crimes- 92339 - 08.02.2015 : Ratko Obrenović Detroit, USA - best (0)

    Attack on RS Army Military Convoy In Zepa Canyon on Jun 04, 1992 (2)


    Ambush in Zepa gorge

    On June 4, 1992 in the early morning on that day, one armed RS Army battalion with several military vehicles, under the command of Major Suka Dragan, started from Pale through Han Pijesak towards Zepa. Their task was to deliver food, water, medical and other necessary equipment to VRS members who secured military facility and a TV relay on the Zlovrh hill, in Zepa area.

    Many soldiers were murdered after being wounded or captured, when they put away their weapons as a sing of their surrender. Two members of Green Berets shot Serbian soldier Tomic Milenko, son of Diko, born on 01/11/1935 in Novi Karlovci, Indjija Municipality, Republic of Serbia, although he had thrown away his weapon and raised his hands as a sign of surrender, but due to circumstances he stayed alive. Why he was lying down severely wounded, Tomic was listening to cries of other captured Serbian soldiers who begged Muslim to kill them instead of torture the. According to the statement of witnesses of this event, one unidentified helpless severely wounded member of VRS was killed by Lilic Nasko, and the other also unidentified severely wounded VRS member was killed by Kacevic Edhem (other data on the mentioned executors of these crimes are in explanation of criminal charge under items 3 and 4). It was impossible to identify murdered soldiers for their bodies were burnt up after the murder and their corpses were carbonized.

    According to obtained evidence and insinuations, the main organizers of the attack on VRS military convoy, of killing the wounded and the captured, and finally of massacring and burning down of corpses were: Cardakovic Ramo, Sahic Hurem, Lilic Nasko, Kacevic Edhem, Palic Avdo, Mujkic Hamed, Jusufovic Rasid, Ridzal Ramiz, Dzebo Rahman, Muratovic Hamed, Cardakovic Emin, Hulovac Benjamin, Omanovic Hasib and Dizdarevic Ago (other data on these persons are stated in the explanation of the charge). They have, contrary to regulations of the Geneva Convention on Treatment of War Prisoners from 12/08/1949, ordered murdering and murdered helpless wounded and captured soldiers, committed sacrileges and burnt their corpses, for what there is photo documentation under Nos. 1-13 and reports of pathologist. In most of the cases it was impossible for experts to determine the cause of death and even to identify 9 bodies, which were greatly damaged by burning.

    During the operational research on this crime against wounded and captured VRS soldiers, military medical facility and on the breach of the agreement of the cooperation and maintenance of Zlovrh relay near Zepa, a number of witnesses were heard, photo documents of burnt and exhumed bodies of young soldiers and other medical documentation obtained and all that is included in the charge. Among all testimonies, it is important to look into the testimony given by Lilic Smail, son of Idriz, born in 1949 in Godenje, Han Pijesak Municipality, who was a active member of Moslem military formation that attacked the convoy as well as the testimony of Todorovic Milorad, son of Borisa, born in 1954 in Praca, Pale Municipality, who experienced golgotha of this VRS battalion.

    In his testimony, Lilic Smail stated: "In the beginning of May 1992, I started to Han Pijesak together with the workers from Godenje, Podzeplje and Zepa, to get the salary and we were sent back. Upon my arrival to Godenje, meetings of SDA higher leadership were held. A TO unit for the area of Godenje, Podzeplje and other Moslem villages from Han Pijesak Municipality was formed at the beginning. The main person in that HQ was Cardakovic Ramo and Sahic Hurem and Hasanovic Salih were also members of the HQ. Weapons for that unit were obtained earlier through Mujkic Himza, President of SDA for Han Pijesak. Each person who received weapons had to pay for it, some of them even 800 DM. At that time there were no actions, but only guards were held. Some time during May 1992, Palic Avdo was appointed as a TO unit Commander and Cardakovic Ramo as TO Regional HQ Commander, covering the area of Zepa and Han Pijesak. Squad Commander for Godenje and Podzeplje area was Palic Avdo, and for Zepa area it was Beno Kulovac. The HQ was moved to Zepa. At the same time, a unit of militia commanded by Sahic Hurem was formed. Osmanovic Hasib from Zepa was also active in leadership.

    Then the oath was signed and all conscripts were obliged to do it, so I did it too. Then I was sent to work, and I had to do physical labor. At that time the unit in our area had two snipers carried by Kamenica Hamza and Cardakovic Emin. Ridzail Ramiz, Dzebo Rahman, Muratovic Hamed and Lilic Nasko were distinguished for their extremism.

    Sometime in the beginning of June, Zepa Squad blocked Zlovrh where JNA was placed. In the morning, a courier from Srebrenica came to the HQ in Godenje where Cardakovic Ramo was, and he said that an army convoy of vehicles and tanks was going down the road towards Zepa. I know that Ramo has said several times to let the convoy through and not prevent their free passing. Ramo ordered everybody to evacuate their respective families into shelters and that was done. Army convoy came from Stoborani towards Godenja, some time before noon. There were around 30 vehicles, several tanks, trucks, cars and busses. The Army passed through villages peacefully - they laughed and told us not to run away and threw us some cigarettes. From Godenje, the convoy went towards Brloznik. After the convoy left, Cardakovic Ramo came and ordered me to cut down three trees, with a power saw, over the road in order to block the road, down which the convoy went. In Secerov Lager I found Lilic Sejo on the road. He was cutting down the trees but he did not know how to put them over the road, so I took the power saw from him and cut down three trees over the road. In my opinion, the aim of that roadblock was to prevent the convoy from turning back as well as to prevent any possible help to them. After I finished with that, I went back to my wife and my children. A heavy shooting could be heard at that time. Standing next to the stable, I was watching the fight between the army and people from ambush.

    The ambush was set up in Luke, on the crossroads for Godenje, Purtici and Han Pijesak and the convoy were attacked when some vehicles were already across the wooden bridge. Commander of the ambush was Mujkic Hamed with his soldiers from Brleznik. Later on, a unit from Podzeplje, commanded by Jusupovic Resid, came to help. The fight did not last for a long time and the convoy went on towards Luke, without any major stopping. The convoy was shot at while passing through. The convoy was moving down the road in front of the house of Mujkic Himzo, when I saw Cardakovic Ramo and Sahic Hurem together with soldiers from Godenje, Tobarani and other villages, at least 150 of them getting involved in the fight attacking the convoy from direction of Grobici and along the river. The hardest fight was in Kulevkina Ograda where the convoy was stopped and the road blocked on both sides. That is the place where quarry is, at the border of Han Pijesak and Rogatica municipalities, before Berak village. The attack was done from all sides, because that spot is very convenient for ambushing, being placed in a gorge.

    Zepa Squad commanded by Kunovac Beno, was attacking from direction of Berak, and our Squad, commanded by Palic Avdo, from the opposite direction. From direction of Radava, the attack was done by the Squad commanded by Mujkic Hamed and from direction of Godenje by the Squad commanded by Cardakovic Ramo and Sahic Hurem. People from Podzeplje, Plana and Krivaca attacked together with people from Brloznik. The struggle lasted till 20,30 hrs when it was finished with the total defeat of the army in convoy. I have heard that during this struggle Sarija Nuhanovic, from Brloznik, set a car tire on fire and threw it among army vehicles, what caused vehicles in convoy to burn. I do not know exactly what was happening during the fight, because at that time I was in the cave, bellow the house of Hamed Smajic. I have heard later that especially active in that fight were Hakic Hasan, who was carrying a machine gun M-53, Muratovic Hamid, Curic Zejmil and Dizdarevic Ago.

    In the evening I was in Godenje village and saw 31 prisoners brought to a school. They were brought by the unit commanded by Sahic Hurem and Cardakovic Ramo. Several prisoners were wounded, one of them severely, who was brought in a tent fly and died the next morning. The prisoners were placed in a small room in school, into which even 10 of them would be hardly placed, so I don't know how 30 of them were managed inside. The wounded were taken care of by a male nurse Dzibo Himza. After that I went home. Bodies of dead soldiers and burnt down vehicles remained on the spot. A great amount of weapons and ammunition was seized on that occasion. I know that two vehicles were also seized- ambulance was driven by Curic Zejmil and a truck by Kamenica Hamza.

    Next morning, about 20 of us who were there taken to work, under command of Dzebo Musan were sent to the spot. Every one, who had a gun, took it with him. I did not have any weapons, so I tool nothing. I was together with Lilic Himzo, Lilic Ahmed and Lilic Abid. When we came to the spot, we met Lilic Nasko and around 50 people from Brloznik. It was a complete chaos - many corpses and many burnt and carbonized bodies. We searched the terrain looking for weapons, ammunition and other equipment. I saw one wounded soldier who was standing with his arm against the stable wall. I walked beside him and 10-15 minutes later I heard a shot and saw that the wounded soldier was killed. Later, I heard that Kacevic, whose first name I don't know, killed him. That Kacevic person is young, around 20 years old, blond, from Purtici. His brother is Kacevic Hamed who worked in SIP "Planinsko".

    I found the other wounded soldier on the road, who was all covered in blood. While I was passing by him, he asked me to get his cigarettes out of his pocket what I did. I took already open package of cigarettes from his pocket together with the lighter, and then took out one cigarette, lit it up, and gave it to him. He told me to take one cigarette as well, and later he gave me remaining cigarettes and told me "Take it, I won't need it anymore". Then I was called by Curic Zejmil and as I was going towards him, I heard a gun shot and it was obvious who did it - Lilic Nasko, who shot him in the chest from semi-automatic rifle. I immediately approached the soldier and I saw him dead with the half of the cigarette still between his fingers. After the weapons and equipment were collected, we returned to the village.

    On the same day, as my wife, father and sister-in-law told me, five soldiers with weapons running away from the spot passed by the cave they were in. The soldiers asked them for the shortest way to the nearest Serbian village and they gave one chocolate to each of the children (7 of them). My sister-in-law showed them the way to Mislove. Later, I heard that they took the road to Berovac and one of them got killed there, but the others made it. Two our soldiers - Nurko Brgulja and Jusuf Dumenjic got killed in Berovac on that occasion.

    None of our soldiers got killed during the attack on the convoy but some of them were wounded. After the action, blocked soldiers in Zlovrh surrendered to the Zepa unit and I know that they were released later and they came through Godenje and Stobran to Jelovce.

    After 2-3 days, the attack of Serbian army followed and they managed to reach the spot of ambush where the soldiers from convoy got killed. There was no stronger resistance of our soldiers. During that attack, a shop was shelled and the prisoners from the school escaped. Serbian army took all the bodies from the spot. Later, Cardakovic Ramo used to say that it had been a mistake to attack the convoy and that they shouldn't have done it.

    Afterwards, the Squad was named "4th June", after the event."

    The statement of Lilic who was the attacker corresponds pretty much to the statement of Todorovic who was the defender, who stated:

    "In the early morning on 04/06/1992, my company, to which I belonged as a soldier of Republic of Srpska, started to Zlovrh in Zepa area, in order to deliver food, medical and other equipment to VRS soldiers who were securing the transmitter. Before we started, Battalion Commander Major Suka informed us that he had been in that area during previous days and that he agreed with the villagers passing of our convoy, so he expected no problems. The convoy was escorted by one tank, two transporters and one anti-aircraft canon, in any case. Arriving to Jelovci, Han Pijesak Municipality, we found first roadblocks made of tree logs and it wasn't clear to me if they were
    put by our army or Moslems from this area. After we passed those first roadblocks, we went through first Moslem village before the canyon and as we saw no villagers, we proceeded towards Zlovrh. On stiff cliffs on both sides of the canyon, I noticed bunkers and parapets but I saw no people in them. Somewhere in that direction I saw two young man and one woman who greeted us while we passed along and soon we came to a village with a Mosque, where we took the turn for Zlovrh. After we passed the village in which we saw a number of men and women hurrying towards the wood, we reached up to a bridge that was destroyed. We got off, intending to mend the bridge and while doing so, Moslems from that area attacked us from infantry weapons without any warning. We got sheltered and responded to their fire, and after the bridge was mended and the fire ceased, we got into the vehicles and moved on. There we got first wounding of our men. After we crossed the river, we came to a ravine between two hills where the Moslems heavily attacked us from all sides. And we had to get off, find shelters around vehicles and respond to the fire. There was panic and mess because many of my comrades were wounded and some of them got killed. Moslems shot the drivers first, so new drivers had to replace them and move on, and some vehicles had to be moved off the road because they were heavily damaged. After we passed through the ravine, we found ourselves in a plain where majority of my comrades got killed and we fought Moslem from that area for a long time. The convoy was cut off because some vehicles remained damaged. I was at the end of the first half of the convoy so we managed to go through the plain and as we moved forward, we kept finding barricades that we removed. In front of us we heard Moslems cutting down trees with power saws making barricades for us. They planned and prepared that earlier, by cutting into them, and as we were approaching, those trees were pulled down. It was not long before we came to a huge barricade, made of tree logs that was not possible to remove even with a power saw, so we tried to remove it with a tank and we failed. The tank got off the road and got stuck, so we couldn't move on. Commander Major Suka took around 20 people and went towards Zlovrh that was allegedly not far away, trying to get through and get in touch with the Command in Pale, since our radio as damaged, in order to ask for help and consult for further actions. After some time, Suka and his people came, carrying one dead soldier and told us that one soldier remained there, for they could not take him out. He also told us that he did not manage to get through to Zlovrh because he ran into their bunkers, where Moslems attacked them with infantry weapons. There were no armed conflicts in that area at that time and regarding the agreement with Major Suka, we were surprised by perfidious attack. If we were to expect it, we would go in different formation and not as many of us would get killed. We spent the night between Thursday and Friday there and it was heavily raining all night long. We put the wounded under the vehicles and
    into transporters and the dead on trucks while we took the position around the vehicles and kept guarding as much as possible.

    And they kept attacking us on that spot. Taking into account the terrain and stiff cliffs on both sides, Moslems kept throwing tree logs and big rocks on us and our vehicles, so many vehicles got damaged and some people injured. During the next day, Moslems kept attacking us from infantry weapons and we managed to establish a connection with our Command in Pale and they told us that the help was on the way. During that first night, Mico Tomic managed to come to us from last cut-off part of the convoy and he told us that all people from that part of the convoy were killed and burnt up, and that he managed to escape. However, not all the people from that part were killed, some of them were captured and later released by our unit that came to rescue. On 06/06/1992 (Saturday morning) our rescue team came from the direction of Han Pijesak. They managed to get through only to place where the convoy was cut off and where the other part of the convoy remained, so Major Suka told us that we had to get through to them with the rest of the vehicles. We put the wounded into transporters and the dead on the vehicles and we did as we were told. While going back we found barricades again that were by Moslems in the meantime. As we reached the river, we found the bridge destroyed again, so we had to mend it again. Moslems kept shooting on us from the nearby cliffs. During that attack, three young men who came to help us got killed and I don't know if anybody was wounded. After we crossed the river, we managed to reach free area around Han Pijesak and in the afternoon of that day a small group of us who survived arrived at Pale.

    I wish to emphasize that upon our arrival to the place where we met the rescue team, we saw a horrible scene - our comrades lying dead on and about the road, many corpses carbonized for they were wet with fuel and burnt up. We collected those bodies, so that none either dead or wounded who was not far from the road, remained, except for one part of those who got lost and remained."

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