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srebrenica_man - 72760 - 14.08.2012 : Ratko Obrenovic Detroit, USA -
Ethnic Conflicts in Civil War in Bosnia -Political manipulation with term of Genocide (3)
It is said that as many as 6,000 - 8,000 Muslim men were executed by Bosnian Serb forces.
However, this figure is evidently inflated.
There are several factors that expand the actual figure.
First factor is the high ratio of Muslim women to military capable men in a family.
In general, the average number of women are about 3 or 4, the grandmother, the mother, the wife, and a sister in a Muslim family, usually consisting of more than 8 members.
On the other hand, the number of military capable men is 1 or 2, the father if he is young enough and a brother if he is old enough.
Therefore, if one of the military capable men becomes missing, three women anxious about the fate of their beloved one would report to ICRC individually as a missing person.
The name could be slightly changed because a nickname is sometimes more popular than the real name.
Thus, the number of missing persons would become two-fold.
When the author visited Muslim women that were living in Sarajevo as refugees from Srebrenica, more than ten women came in order to ask the author to find the whereabouts of the two men.
Another factor is the desperate efforts of Muslim women from Srebrenica to support their lives.
Having arrived in Kladanj and Tuzla either by the bus evacuation at the fall of Srebrenica or by some other means before the fall of Srebrenica, Muslim women obtained Identity Card of a citizen of Kladanj or Tuzla.
However, as they moved mostly to Sarajevo, they got another Identity Card of Sarajevo.
Thus, they are able to secure aid in Kladanj / Tuzla as well as aid in Sarajevo.
One of the Muslim women that the author met in Sarajevo whispered secretly, saying that she had two Identity Cards to receive the aid twice.
Next factor is the intention of Muslim government to manipulate the election in Srebrenica.
According to the document compiled by the local Serbs in Srebrenica, about 3,500 Muslim names registered as voters in 1997 had not been the persons who used to live in Srebrenica.
All 3,500 names that the author saw in their letter of complaint to OSCE were female names.
False registration gave the election victory of Srebrenica to Muslim government, and gave aid to women registered falsely.
All three factors also become the reasons why so many Muslim women said that their beloved ones had been killed in Srebrenica.
Moreover, there were a number of names without date of birth in the missing list.
These names amount as much as about 3,381 out of 6,610 who became missing at the fall of Srebrenica.
Since it is strange that close relative did not know the birth date of their beloved in registering , there must be some factor which tried to manipulate the figure of the victims.
Another factor is efforts of Muslim soldiers to conceal their identity in order to avoid the war criminal charge from Bosnian Serb forces.
They gave the false identifies to international organizations when they wanted to get out of Srebrenica, and they gave their real name when they arrived at a Muslim territory.
Thus, false identities remained in the missing list.
In Srebrenica, the author noticed that some of the names on grave stones were identical with the names in the missing list.
Probably, they used the names of their dead friends or relatives.
According to Report of the Secretary-General Pursuant to Security Council Resolution 1019 (1995) on Violations of International Humanitarian Law in the Areas of Srebrenica, Zepa, Banja Luka and Sanski Most (27 November 1995), out of the first tracing requests from families, which amounted to 10,000, 2,000 were found duplicative, and 5,000 were found to be persons who had left the enclave before the fall of Srebrenica.
Thus, the remaining requests amounts to approximately 3,000, and ICRC recently listed 3,290 as persons who became missing on the fall of Srebrenica.
However, the author found that 180 tracing requests in the ICRC missing list were also for the persons who had left the enclave before the fall of Srebrenica.
Consequently , the number of tracing requests results in 3,110 missing persons.
Moreover, almost 1000 out of the 3,110 tracing requests were found to be for the persons who had been dead before the fall of Srebrenica or for the persons who had left the enclave earlier, according to the investigation of the document which Muslim forces left in Srebrenica.
It should be noted that this document is 45,000 pages long and that only the Commission of Legal Experts has checked less than forty percent of the document to Republika Srpska.
Thus, more persons will be eliminated from the remaining 2,110 tracing requests.
If the number of invalid tracing requests is found at this rate by the further check of the document, the number of the valid tracing requests is expected to be 2,000 - 2,500 at most eventually.
Out of this number, roughly 1,800 Muslim soldiers are estimated to be killed during combats in fleeing, judging from military perspectives, and probably another 100 persons had died of physical conditions while fleeing.
In addition, persons who were given asylum in Yugoslavia and other countries and persons who came back alive much later either after hiding themselves for a long time or after being exchanged as prisoners of war must be deleted from the tracing requests.
Moreover, Muslim government immediately transferred about 6,000 soldier who arrived at Zenica and Tuzla to another front line in Bosnia without giving any access to their families .
Their families of these 6,000 would request ICRC to trace them because the families did not know that their beloved ones had arrived.
Thus, a certain number of soldiers among those 6,000 must be deleted from the names of persons who became missing in Srebrenica.
As a consequence, the remaining figure in the missing list would be the number of Muslim soldiers who were executed by Bosnian Serb forces for personal revenge or for simple ignorance of the international law.
It would probably stand less than 100.
Although Erdemovic (a Croat) appeared to be the only substantial evidence for the alleged systematic ethnic cleansing of Bosnian Serb forces, it has not been well-known that Yugoslav government submitted him to ICTY after it had diagnosed him as being mentally sick.
When he confessed in Yugoslavia that he executed more than 70 Muslims by ABC broadcast in May 1996, Yugoslav police immediately arrested him in order to investigate.
However, as his statement and behavior had many contradictions, the doctors diagnosed him as mental disease.
It should be also noted that he used to fight as a member of Muslim forces, then as a member of Croatian forces, and finally as Bosnian Serb forces during the war .
This inconsistency of his military history raises the question of the adequacy to stand as a witness for mass execution.
Consequence of Alleged Srebrenica Massacre and Collective Responsibility of Serbs
Reappearance of Muslim War Criminals in 1998
In 1997, the local election was held in Srebrenica under the supervision of OSCE, and Muslims won the election.
According to the document compiled by the local Serbs in Srebrenica, however, about 3500 Muslim names registered as voters were not the persons who used to live in Srebrenica.
Although the local Serbs filed the complaint, OSCE ignored.
As a result, the local Serbs decided not to recognize the legitimacy of the Assembly.
Meanwhile, some newly elected Muslim assemblymen came to Srebrenica in 1998 in order to attend the assembly under the heavy protection of SFOR.
However, local Serbs immediately recognized one of the so-called elected Muslims by face as a criminal that killed two women and a handicapped man in a wheelchair in Loznica village in 1992.
When the author visited Srebrenica, one of local Serbs said to himself that he would not be able to live in Srebrenica if the international society would bring back those criminals.
The deputy chief of the local Bosnian Serb police, who had to cooperate with SFOR to protect the war criminal, said to the author's interpreter in a despair that his job was to arrest criminals and to protect general people.
He added impassively that he might quit the job.
Yet, there are almost no jobs in Srebrenica.
In Tuzla, a Muslim territory, there are troubles between Muslims who once escaped to Germany from Tuzla during the war and Muslims who started to live in Tuzla after the war.
According to UNHCR, the current Muslim residents do not allow their fellow returnees to come back to Tuzla.
This conflict may result from the fall of Srebrenica.
When Srebrenica fell in July 1995, about 6,000 of the most savage segment of Bosnian Army in Srebrenica took the advantage of the corridor that Mladzic opened, and arrived at Tuzla .
According to local media in those days, new comers from Srebrenica were reported to kill and beat up the original residents in order to take their houses.
As they are still free to do anything now, they would do anything in order to refuse their fellow Muslim returnees from Germany.
In 1998, it is said that Naser Oric is now in Kosovo as a mercenary.
As he used to be a policeman in Belgrade, several former colleagues recognized him.
In addition, a Kosovo Albanian who was arrested as a fighter of UCK, Kosovo Liberation Army, confessed that Naser Oric was in Kosovo together with about 50 Muslim soldiers from Srebrenica.
Unlike international conflicts, civil war often give the opportunities that people like bandits will become main players.
If you apply black and white picture on a civil war like the war in Bosnia, and overlook the crimes of those bandits, saying that they are victims, the troubles will spill over and you may increase the sorrow of the general public.
Quasi-Protectorate of Republika Srpska
Aleged massacre of Muslims gave a dreadful blow to Republika Srpska.
It lost political and military leaders as ICTY indicted Karadzid and Mladic, and had to start building the entity without the leadership.
Taking the advantage of the situation, the international society have filled the space, using SFOR's arrests as a whip on one hand, and financial aid as a carrot on the other.
Under the whip and the carrot, the political body began to disintegrate, and Republika Srpska has become a quasi-protectorate of some foreign country.
Domestic judicial system was completely ignored, and a war criminal suspect, Drjeca was killed by SFOR by the "secret indictment" of ICTY the under the name of justice although he had hardly resisted unlike SFOR's statement.
People has become very vulnerable, having been exposed to the risk of a sudden arrest for the crimes that they did not know.
The air in Republika Srpska became stifling among the general citizens of Bosnian Serbs.
When the election was held, IPC declined to release the election results for more than two weeks under the name of democracy.
The final results of the election that might be manipulated during this period have brought about war criminals as elected assembly men in Srebrenica, and other places.
Being afraid of criminals' comeback to the neighborhood, a certain portion of general citizens of Bosnian Serbs have started to look for a life in other countries.
The fate of the entity of Bosnian Serbs is dwindling.
Collective Responsibility of Serbs
Alleged Srebrenica massacre hit Yugoslavia hard as well as Republika Srpska.
As uncomfirmed information on the massacre of Muslim soldiers in Srebrenica created a monstrous image of blood-thirsty Serbs as the collective body so firmly, almost everything has been looked at through the filter of this image.
Thus, in almost every case, the Serbs are judged as an evil from the beginning.
For instance, in media reports on Kosovo, the most frequent words that have been used are "Serbs cannot repeat the massacre of Bosnia" based in the alleged Srebrenica massacre.
This imprinting process of the formidable image might push Serbs onto an isolated corner of the world for an unexpectedly long period.
Therefore, to clarify the alleged Srebrenica massacre is considered to be one of the most urgent tasks to save Serbs' fate.
Important: There is supporting documentations of this Report.
In total there is 40 000 pages of Top Secret Muslims documentation's confiscate during the liberation of Srebrenica.
Supporting documentation's include:
Report of Holland soldiers;
Reports of Republic of Srpska;
Testimony of victims and witness;
Documentations of Muslim Army;
Report of Muslims newspaper;
Statements of representatives from international organizations;
Role of so called international media's in creation of political manipulation of term of Genocide - SREBRENICA
It has been five years since the Bosnian Serb Army (BSA) has retaken the small town of Srebrenica -
The Economist, 15-21 July 1995 Call that safe? "....It is not the first time that the Serbs have "liberated" Srebrenica.
In 1992, during the first weeks of the Bosnian war, they also took the town but were driven out.
Later, in blazing sunshine, Muslims and Serbs sat down in the middle of the road to hammer out a peace deal.
The Serbs offered Srebrenica's Muslims autonomy within the Bosnian Serb republic, but that was rejected.
Since then the war in eastern Bosnia has seen the most vicious fighting in the benighted republic..."
- and it is the right time to give a hystorical retrospective of the events that have happened in the area during Bosnia's civil war.
How did it start? As every other civil war, with the killing of the neighbours.
Two Bosnian Muslims, accused by the Republica Srpska for the war crimes, Naser Oric (commander of the Bosnian Muslim Army - BMA - in Srebrenica) and Hakija (Husein) Meholjic organized on May 18,1992 killing of the Bosnian Serb, Goran (Drago) Zekic, who was deputy in the Bosnia-Hercegovina Assembly .
Shortly after, the BMA, led by Naser Oric, Hakija (Husein) Meholjic, Zulfo "Suceska" Tursunovic and Akif (Enez) Ustic have attacked a several Bosnian Serb villages in Srebrenica's area.
The following Bosnian Serbs villages were burned and destroyed: Osredak May 1992, Oparke June 01,1992, Zagora July 05,1992, Zalezje July 12, 1992 Pajici and Hrahna July 25, 1992, Brezani July 30, 1992, Fakovici October 1992, Kravice January 07, 1993 (Christmas Day for the Orthodox Bosnian Serbs).
Then the BSA strikes back and as the result of that counter-offensive, on April 16, 1993, the Security Council adopted Resolution 819, which designated the enclave around Srebrenica a "safe heaven".
Two days latter, the BSA commander, Gen.
Ratko Mladic, joined his BMA counterpart in agreeing to the demilitarization of Srebrenica.
The following are quotations from various sources and published articles that will explain more in-depth how "demilitarized safe area of Srebrenica" acctualy was:
The Times, 14 July 1995 Muslim soldiers 'failed to defend town from Serbs' By Michael Evans, Defence Correspondent: "......Srebrenica was officially demilitarized on April 17, 1993, but the government soldiers were not short of weapons.
Before the Serb advance on the town, the Muslims had been shelling Serb units along the main road to the south.
The intelligence sources said it was that harassment which precipitated the Serb attack on the 1,500 Muslim defenders inside the enclave...."
The Economist, 15-21 July 1995 Call that safe?: ...."Safe" Srebrenica was supposed to be demilitarized but this did not stop Mr Oric's soldiers from raiding nearby Serb villages.
A recent raid, occurring soon after the collapse of the heavy-weapons exclusion zone around Sarajevo, plus the slow gathering of the West's reaction force, gave General Ratko Mladic, the Bosnian Serb commander, the reasons he needed for extracting the thorn of Srebrenica from the Bosnian Serbs' eastern side.
But Mr Oric escaped...."
New York Times News Service-07-11-95 2031EDT :.."The commander of the Bosnian Serb army, Gen.
Ratko Mladic, said in a letter to Gen.
Rupert Smith, the U.N.
commander in Bosnia, that the Serbian offensive had been undertaken to žžneutralize'' what he called terrorists in Srebrenica.
Mladic accused the United Nations of failing to demilitarize the so-called safe area of Srebrenica.
He said civilians and peacekeepers were not endangered by Bosnian Serb military activity.
The United Nations has confirmed that the Bosnian government used the safe areas for staging attacks....."
Associated Press July 11: ".....Lt.
Gary Coward, a U.N.
spokesman in Sarajevo, confirmed that Muslim-led government troops had used the "safe area" to make attacks on Serbs surrounding the enclave, but said the raids were not large-scale...."
Reuters ZAGREB, Croatia: "...Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic said the Serbs seized the enclave because Moslem-led government troops were staging what he called "terrorist" attacks out of the area....."
June 27, General Ratko Mladic: "....According to him, "UNPROFOR did not carry out its main task nor implement the agreements signed by its generals, from Morilion to Rose.
"The protected zones of Srebrenica, Zepa and Gorazde are not demilitarized, while Sarajevo, Tuzla and Bihac were not the subject of talks between the warring sides and they are not defined as protected zones," said Mladic...."
The following are quotations from various sources and published articles from the Western press that will explain more in-depth how "demilitarized safe area of Srebrenica" acctualy was:
Times News Service: GOVERNMENT TROOPS ATTACK BOSNIAN SERB VILLAGE By STEPHEN KINZER 1995: VISNJICA, Bosnia-Herzegovina In a raid before dawn that again illustrated the weakness of U.N.
forces here, Bosnian government soldiers apparently slipped past U.N.
posts on Monday and attacked this isolated Bosnian Serb village, burning several houses, stealing livestock, and leaving a dozen families homeless, a Bosnian Serb spokesman said.
Although the assault had no great military significance, it reflected both the growing frustration of government troops and the inadequacy of U.N.
peacekeepers who have pledged to prevent them from leaving supposedly demilitarized enclaves in eastern Bosnia.
Visnjica is a miserable settlement perched on a mountainside a few miles from Srebrenica, one of the Muslim towns in eastern Bosnia which the United Nations has designated as demilitarized "protected areas." But Monday's raid was apparently launched by troops based inside Srebrenica, leading Bosnian Serb officers to denounce the United Nations for failing to comply with its promise to keep the town free of soldiers and weapons.
"There have been a number of incidents like this in the last 15 to 20 days," said Lt.
Milovan Milutinovic, chief spokesman for the Bosnian Serb army.
"The Muslim soldiers who carried out this attack crossed lines patrolled by Dutch U.N.
troops whose job it is to prevent just this kind of action.
We therefore conclude that the U.N.
forces are aligning themselves with the Muslim army." Several of the impoverished farmers who live in Visnjica said they had assumed they were safe here because of U.N.
"We thought that no one could attack us from Srebrenica because the town was demilitarized and surrounded by U.N.
soldiers," said Ljubomir Vukovic, 67, as he stood in the smoldering ruins of the house he shared with two other families.
"But they came from right over that hill." Vukovic pointed toward a peak separating his village from Srebrenica.
post there is supposed to prevent soldiers from passing in either direction...".
But as Monday's raid showed, they are still able to strike fear into the hearts of Serb villagers.Their goal may be to terrorize these villagers into abandoning their homes, thus leaving formerly Serb areas uninhabited...."
What kind of living Srebrenica's Muslim commander Oric was providing to refugees in the "safe area" explains the following:
"Globe and Mail" July 12, 1995: "....The refugees in Srebrenica, most of them Muslim women and children who fled into Srebrenica ahead of a massive and brutal wave of Bosnian Serb "ethnic cleansing" in eastern Bosnia in the spring of 1993, have been desperate to leave the town ever since they arrived.
Instead, they have been forced to remain by the local Muslim warlord, Naser Oric, who drove around town in a Mercedes while the refugees sustained on meagre UN handouts and were, occasionally, sold water by Srebrenica residents during the brutally-hot summers.
Oric and the Bosnian government knew that if the majority of refugees were allowed to be trucked across Serb-held territory to Tuzla or some other viable sanctuary, both the UN protection and any hope of holding on to the remote and surrounded enclave would be lost.
The Srebrenica residents treated the refugees atrociously.
When the refugees elected a representative to present their demands to Oric, the representative was murdered within hours..."
As seen so many times before in Bosnia's civil war, the Bosnian Muslim led government had no scruples and did not hesitate to use the refugees misery in order to gain "International support".
At the same time a "courtesy" that BMA treated UN troops with - those very same troops that were feeding the "safe area" for almost three years - could be read in:
The Electronic Telegraph Tuesday 11 July 1995 World News: "...Dutch UN peacekeepers formed a barrier of personnel carriers between advancing Serb tanks and Muslim soldiers defending the town.
One of the personnel carriers rolled off the road as it manoeuvred after Muslim forces opened up on it with a grenade and small arms.
When another carrier tried to pull it back on to the road, a Muslim soldier of the Bosnian army fired an anti-tank rocket at it, but missed..."
CHRIS HEDGES .1995 N.Y.
Times News Service: "...The captured observation posts came under tank fire, and a peacekeeper was shot dead the 67th to be killed in the conflict by Bosnian government forces as the Dutch troops retreated from the advancing Bosnian Serb forces..."
What was going onamong the BMA defenders inside the "safe area" please read from the articles published in the Western press :
New York Yimes, July 23, 1995 by Alan Cowell: ..."The Dutch accounts, by soldiers, officers and the Defence Minister, were unanimous in asserting that the Bosnian Muslim soldiers who had been under siege in Srebrenica for three years abandoned the town around two days before it fell.
Before the defenders left the town, General Couzy said, Dutch soldiers saw: "in two locations there was fighting between those who wanted to stay and those who wanted to go.
Many Dutch soldiers said they had been upset and troubled by the sight of soldiers seeming to abandon their wives and children to the advancing Serbs."...
How many of BMA soldiers actually have died from the "friendly fire" it will remain a secret , but the victims are certainly submitted by the Bosnian Muslim led government as "missing civilians killed by the Serbian aggressors".
The BSA did not use thousands of troops as it was suggested by the PR companies hired by the Bosnian Muslim led government.
As a meter of fact it was published that:
The Times, 14 July 1995 Muslim soldiers "failed to defend town from Serbs" By Michael Evans, Defense Correspondent: "...The Muslim defenders of Srebrenica put up only a brief fight against the Serbs, and their commanders left the night before the Serb tanks entered the town, according to Western intelligence sources yesterday.
The abandonment of Srebrenica to a relatively small Serb advancing force caused surprise in the West, especially after the largely Muslim government army had demonstrated considerable infantry skills in recent attacks.
There were reports that up to 1,500 Serbs were involved in the assault on Srebrenica, but intelligence sources estimated a force of about 200, with five tanks carried out the main attack.
"It was a pretty low-level operation, but for some reason which we can't understand the BiH (government) soldiers didn't put up much of a fight," one source said...."
"....However, the advance into the town was seen by intelligence assessors as an opportunist move.
"I don't think the Serbs had predicted the timing of this operation," one source said.
The apparent decision by the Muslims to abandon the town provided the Serbs with a sudden opportunity to occupy Srebrenica, bypassing the Dutch on the road a mile south of the town.
The intelligence source said: "The BiH just melted away from Srebrenica and the senior officers left the night before." The source said the Muslim defenders were "adequately armed" for street-fighting..."
Loosing (deliberately?) the Srebrenica enclave, the Bosnian Muslim led government started to play the pre-arranged PR campaign with innocent refugees from Srebrenica:
The Daily Telegraph, July 15, 1995: "Muslims manipulate refugees' agony: .....The Bosnian government deliberately increased the suffering of the Muslim refugees fleeing Srebrenica to put pressure on the international community, according to the documents made available to the Daily Telegraph.
The papers include instructions to the United Nations from the government of Alija Izetbegovic in Sarajevo that the refugees must be taken in their thousands to a single location rather than being spread around the numerous available centers.
The resulting television pictures and media reports of chaos among aid workers overwhelmed when the refugees arrived at the UN base in Tuzla were intended to bring about a decisive international response..."
Once again victims of the civil war were paying the price for the unspeakable crimes that their - Bosnian Muslim - representatives were orchestrating.
As so many times before, killing their own people (bomb massacres in Sarajevo), increasing the suffering of the innocent refugees...
nothing was secret to Alija Izetbegovic and his Islamic followers.
Then, in order to put more pressure on the UN, Security Council, International Community, they (The Bosnian Muslim Government) came out with "the victims story".
The amounts of "massacred" BMA soldiers were going from 1,000 up to 15,000.
Without considering the astonishing fact that in the "demilitarized safe area" there were several brigades of BMA troops, let's read the following:
Reuters May 29, 1996: "....The six investigators are searching for evidence to convict Bosnian Serbs involved in the massacre of at least 3,000 unarmed Muslim men from Srebrenica, a U.N.
declared "safe area" overrun by the Serbs last July.
After two hours of digging with shovels, picks, rakes and hoes, investigators allowed reporters to approach the site, where at least four corpses were found...." (Mass graves and the proof of mass killings!)
The Times, August 02, 1995 "Missing enclave troops found" by Michael Evans and Michael Kallenbach: "...Thousands of the "missing Bosnian Muslim soldiers from Srebrenica who have been at the centre of reports of possible mass executions by the Serbs, are believed to be safe to the Northeast of Tuzla.....
...For the first time yesterday, however, the Red Cross in Geneva said it heard from sources in Bosnia that up to 2,000 Bosnian Government troops were in area north of Tuzla.
They had made their way from Srebrenica "without their families being informed", a spokesman said, adding that it had not been possible to verify the reports because the Bosnian Government refused to allow the Red Cross into the area.
Although the Red Cross refused to speculate why the Bosnian Government was keeping secret the presence of the Srebrenica troops near Tuzla, it probably is doing so for military reasons..."
New York Times, July 17, 1995 by Chris Hedges: Some 3,000 - 4,000 Bosnian Muslims who were considered by United Nations officials to be missing after the fall of the Srebrenica enclave have made their way through enemy lines to Bosnian Government territory.
The BMA troops were ordered to attack the northern flanks of the BSA positions and not to surrender to enemy.
It is more that logical to expect that the BSA troops were fighting back at BMA attacks and were not welcoming BMA soldiers with flowers.
It is rather ridiculous to expect one army to "greeting" the enemy firing on them with smiles and welcoming words...:
Reuters, January 30, 1996: ".....Melvudin Mandzic, 22, released by the Bosnian Serbs on Sunday, told Reuters how he had fled the capture of the U.N.
"safe area" of Srebrenica, where thousands of his comrades are believed to have been killed in ambushes and massacres then buried in mass graves.
Mandzic's epic escape took him through the wooded hills of Northeast Bosnia, across Serbia where he was captured and sent back to a Bosnian Serb jail, and then finally to freedom in Sarajevo on Sunday.
Pale, smoking heavily, Mandzic recalled how commanders of the Muslim-led Bosnian government army on July 11 ordered their 13,000 heavily-outgunned fighters in the area to try to break through Serb forces closing in on Srebrenica...."
At the several occasions UN Secretary General Boutros Boutros-Ghali tried to present "charade" performed by the Bosnian Muslim led government to UN Security Council.
On May 30, 1995, Secretary general writes (U.N.
document S/1995/444) that there never was an enforcement concept behind the žžsafe areas'' six towns surrounded by Serb-held territory.
The Security Council did not require the Bosnian Government to withdraw its forces from the areas but muttered about how naughty it would be to carry out attacks against them or from them.
On page 18 there is this passage from the Secretary General:
"In recent months, government forces have considerably increased their military activity in and around most safe areas, and many of them, including Sarajevo, Tuzla, and Bihac, have been incorporated into the broader military campaign of the government's side."The headquarters and logistics installations of the Fifth Corps of the government army are located in the town of Bihac and those of the second Corps in the town of Tuzla.
"The government also maintains a substantial number of troops in Srebrenica (in this case a violation of a demilitarization agreement) Gorazde and Zepa, while Sarajevo is the location of the General Command of the government army and other military installations.
There is also an ammunition factory in Gorazde.
"The Bosnian Serb forces' reaction to offensives launched by the government army from safe areas have generally been to respond against military targets within those areas, often at a disproportionate level."