serbian_krajina - 68364 - 07.04.2012 : Serbian Government Beograd - (0)
Dossier Serbian Krajina: A country without people
CROAT AGGRESSION: OPERATION 'LIGHTENING' AND 'STORM'
Playing on the card of inter-Serbian divisions under changed strategic circumstances, after having armed themselves very well and obtained the support in the international environment, Franjo Tudjman and his followers were constantly instigating and provoking "the hard liners" in the Republic of Serbian Krajina to suspend negotiations and renounce on the implementation of the Zagreb agreement on economic issues. This actually happened by the end of April 1995. Once having received the desired excuse, Croat army on May 1, 1995 penetrated the northern part of the Republic of Serbian Krajina and occupied Western Slavonia. In a cruel and brief military encounter (operation "Lightening") Western Slavonia was cleaned of Serbian old-settlers who escaped to the Republic of Srpska and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Encouraged by this military victory, Croat authorities immediately started preparations for the attack on Knin, the main stronghold and heart of the Republic of Serbian Krajina. Zagreb was still playing on the card of interior divisions within the Krajina authorities, which did not draw any lessons from the loss of Western Slavonia, but retained a repulsive attitude towards political negotiations about the plan Z-4. Instead of politically evaluating the fact that Republic of Croatia did not in full accept the plan Z-4, because it was of the view that this plan is offering to the Krajina Serbs a too high degree of political and cultural autonomy, the authorities in Knin with the support of the leadership of the Republic of Srpska in Pale, imprudently pushed the Serbian people of Krajina into a new war adventure. This was perhaps the loss of a historical chance to avoid the Croat aggression and obstruct the true intentions of Croatia, a chance in the face of international public to reveal how much Fascist-oriented the Croat politics are, which was soon to be seen in action. After the failure of negotiations on August 3, 1995 in Geneva, a brutal aggression of Croatia on the Republic of Serbian Krajina took place. The consequence is the mass exodus of the Serbian people, unprecedented in the recent European history. The Republic of Serbian Krajina over only a few days, faced with the attack of over 100, 000 Croat soldiers within the military operation "Storm", was almost completely ethnically cleansed. It is a question of a strategically well thought out and tactically very well prepared and conducted military operation with the direct cooperation of the American military experts, with the logistic support of the NATO military structure and of the western sponsors of the Republic of Croatia. The most influential political and state centers in the West have only formally condemned the aggression of Croatia, while in the essence they are satisfied with such an outcome. By applying the policy of double standards, however, the Croat allies have found themselves at a loss how to justify the most massive exodus of one people from its centuries long homes. Not little confusion was caused also by the direct announcement of settling there of Croats - "Croatization of Krajina", and the factual banning of return of the exiled Serbs. Crimes committed over Serbian civilians, including a large number of women, children and aged, have caused the great part of the world public, even the western and mostly anti-Serbian, to be appalled.
CROATIZATION OF KRAJINA
Croat leader Franjo Tudjman immediately following the exodus of 250, 000 Serbs from the Republic of Serbian Krajina announced settling of Croats in this emptied space, Croats from all over the world. He publicly called upon them to come to Serbian Krajina and appropriate the homes and farms of exiled Krajina Serbs. Having forcibly and by military occupation changed the demographic structure of Serbian Krajina, now certain Croat leaders, as is the notorious Croat nationalist and chauvinist in the Croat parliament (Sabor) Vladimir Seks, are demanding the census of population. In accordance with the results obtained from this census which is well known in advance - Seks proposes to abolish the constitutional law of the Republic of Croatia on the rights of national communities or minorities. This law was formally granting Serbs a special status in the counties in which they were a majority. "The Ethnically Clean Croatia" - an unrealized dream of both Hitler and Pavelic - would now become a reality 50 years after their miserable fall. But Serbs who had a large share in the victory of the anti-Nazi coalition, are now expelled from the homes of their ancestors, robbed and humiliated, and are suffering once again from the arms and plans of a new and a rather strange genocidal alliance. The reports of the United Nations representatives are bearing witness to plundering of Serbian property, burning down and mining by eplosives of Serbian homes and killing of the remaining, mostly aged Serbs who were unable either to hide themselves or evacuate on time. President of the Croat Sabor, Nedeljko Mihanovic, reproaching those who are calling upon the exiled Serbs to return, said that the eventual return of Serbs "could complicate Croat future". For the Serbs never again to even wish to return to the Serbian Krajina, care was taken by the Croat chauvinists who have in an organized way attacked, harassed and stoned endless and kilometers long convoys of refugees moving towards the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. This has appalled even those who are on the Croat side such as the U. S. Ambassador in Zagreb Peter Gallbright. The exiled Serbs have found refuge in the homeland - the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro). In the country which is still chained by sanctions, economically impoverished and pushed years into underdevelopment, suppressed and humiliated by the so-called democratic world. Even under such circumstances, just like in the far away year of 1941, Serbia and Montenegro have remained fully opened to the refuged Serbs. So far over 150, 000 refugees Serbs from Serbian Krajina have been registered who have entered Serbia and Montenegro.
SERBIAN KRAJINA: LAND WITHOUT PEOPLE
Croat President Franjo Tudjman, under the pressures from abroad and the pressure of testimonies, now is "correcting himself" and saying that Croatia "will receive those individuals (without mentioning Serbs) who have not done any wrong and who wish to come to Croatia as its citizens". Therefore, only individuals from amongst some 500, 000 of refugees, Serbs, from the beginning of war in 1991 (during the latest exodus of 1995 Serbian lands were abandoned by some 250, 000 Serbs) can return to the regions where they have lived for over 400 years. Serbian Krajina is now a land without people. In this respect, there is a characteristic statement by the member of the Helsinki Federation for Human Rights William Hayden who states that the return of exiled Serbs in Krajina is systematically obstructed. Croat claims that there was no burning of civilian property or plundering, Hayden has denounced as false, accusing the Croat Army of systematic plundering and burning down of Serbian homes. In this way he has only confirmed previous finds of the representatives of the United Nations. Ethnic cleansing of Serbs, as a constant line of the Croat politics, could soon be also attempted in Eastern Slavonia. Such an attempt could have grave not to say fatal consequences not only for the Serbian and Croat people, but also for the other peoples in the Balkans and in Europe.
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